At 9 am EDT, Gorsuch is due to take his separate constitutional oath, administered by Chief Justice John Roberts, in a private ceremony at the Supreme Court.
U.S. SUPREME COURT: Neil M. Gorsuch spoke in the East Room of the White House in Washington, D.C. January 2017.
Neil Gorsuch has been confirmed as a Supreme Court justice, following a bitter and partisan battle over his nomination by President Trump. Prior to leaving office previous year, President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland to fill Scalia's seat.
His nomination to a life term marked President Donald Trump's first opportunity to shape for a generation a court that is the ultimate arbiter of numerous most contentious issues in American life.
Watch Gorsuch's swearing-in ceremony from the White House in the player below.
Gorsuch has been compared favourably to Scalia by conservatives hopeful for another originalist on the court.
"They see a man who is deeply faithful to the Constitution of the United States".
Richard H. Pildes, a law professor at New York University, said the array of cases in which the actual Gorsuch and the hypothetical Garland might differ is vast, including on campaign finance, affirmative action, voting rights, religious freedom, class actions and aspects of criminal and immigration law.
As a judge on the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver, Gorsuch supported a private company and an order of Catholic nuns who argued in two separate cases they should not have to provide contraceptive insurance coverage for their employees-despite Obamacare's requirements-because doing so would violate their religious beliefs.
The Senate on Friday voted 54-45 to confirm the 49-year-old Colorado judge nominated by President Donald Trump. That could mean one or more justices are writing dissents from the court's decision against hearing the case, or that the justices are waiting for Gorsuch's views on the matter.
Gorsuch now becomes part of Trump's legacy as president.
Justice Anthony Kennedy administered the judicial oath in the White House Rose Garden.
"This means Garland would have been more likely to be a key vote on more issues than Gorsuch is likely to be, because Kennedy remains the critical vote for a five-justice conservative bloc, while Kennedy or Garland could have been the fifth vote for a liberal result".
Trump called Gorsuch a "man of great and unquestioned integrity", and said Americans were "blessed" to have him join the high court.
The state's Constitution says that "no money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, directly or indirectly, in aid of any church, sect or denomination of religion".
Democrats accused Mr Gorsuch of being so conservative as to be outside the judicial mainstream, favouring corporate interests over ordinary Americans in legal opinions, and displaying insufficient independence from Trump.
Were Trump to replace any of the three, a court that generally leans right would have a rock-solid conservative majority.
Justice Neil Gorsuch is thanking his former law clerks, family and friends as he is sworn into the Supreme Court during a White House ceremony. Republicans then invoked what has been labeled the "nuclear option" in a 52-48, party-line vote to change the longstanding rule for ending debate on a Supreme Court nominee from a requirement of 60 votes to 51. And the rest of us will spend the next 30 years marveling that the GOP managed to steal a Supreme Court seat under the pretext of politics as usual.
Once sworn in, Gorsuch can prepare for the next round of oral arguments, starting on April 17, at the court, whose current term ends in June.
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